Prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE)

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is preventable, and the best ways to prevent VTE include [1]:

  • Understand your risk for VTE
  • Know the signs and symptoms of VTE
  • Discuss your risk for VTE with your doctor, especially before surgery
  • Consult your doctor as soon as you become aware of any symptoms of VTE.

Other ways to reduce the risk of VTE include [1]:

  • Stand up and move around if you have been sitting for a long time or travelling in a confined space such as airplane, train or car. Additionally, stretch your legs every couple of hours
  • Maintain a body weight within a healthy range
  • Stop smoking.


Thromboprophylaxis refers to interventions to help prevent blood clots. Thromboprophylaxis most often includes treatment with anticoagulant medicines, and the use of compression stockings [2].

Being immobilised for a prolonged period of time due to reasons such as being bedridden following a surgical procedure can increase the risk of VTE [1,2]. Depending on the clinical procedure and risk factors specific to the patient, the effectiveness of thromboprophylaxis varies [2].

VTEMatters offers general information only. Please see a healthcare professional for medical advice.


  1. National Blood Clot Alliance. About Clots. Accessed on 14 March 2019.
  2. National Blood Clot Alliance. Blood Clot Treatment. Accessed on 14 March 2019.