Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is preventable, and the best ways to prevent VTE include [1]:

Understand your risk for VTE
Know the signs and symptoms of VTE
Discuss your risk for VTE with your doctor, especially before surgery
Consult your doctor as soon as you become aware of any symptoms of VTE.

Other ways to reduce the risk of VTE include [1]:

Stand up and move around if you have been sitting for a long time or travelling in a confined space such as airplane, train or car. Additionally, stretch your legs every couple of hours
Maintain a body weight within a healthy range
Stop smoking.


Thromboprophylaxis refers to interventions to help prevent blood clots. Thromboprophylaxis most often includes treatment with anticoagulant medicines, and the use of compression stockings [2].

Being immobilised for a prolonged period of time due to reasons such as being bedridden following a surgical procedure can increase the risk of VTE [1,2]. Depending on the clinical procedure and risk factors specific to the patient, the effectiveness of thromboprophylaxis varies [2].

VTEMatters offers general information only. Please see a healthcare professional for medical advice.